Italian wines are known the world over for their great variety. Italy is one of the oldest wine regions in the world and the country, closely followed by Spain and France, is the world’s largest wine producer by volume. Its contribution is approximately 45 to 50 million hectoliters per year and represents approximately those of world production. Italian wine is exported all over the world and is also extremely popular in Italy: Italians occupy the fifth place in the world list of wine consumption by volume, with 42 liters of consumption per capita. Grapes are grown in almost all parts of the country and there are over a million vines in cultivation. The Etruscans and Greek colonizers produced wine in Italy before the Romans started their own vineyards in the 2nd century BC Roman viticulture and winemaking was prolific and well organized, pioneering large-scale production and storage techniques, such as than the production of barrels. and bottling.
Until the Goria law, it was better to focus on the reputation and talent of producers rather than rely too much on appellations. The greatest wines of Italy saved us in simple table vines because the estates also wanted to have the right to use non-native grape varieties such as Cabernet. Italy, a member country of the European Union, now applies European regulations, which were superimposed on national legislation. The national appellations in Italy are:
– The Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) whose concept was seriously distorted before 1992.
– The Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG, Denominations of Controlled Origin guaranteed) which comes with the same voice as the DOC. The first DOCG appellation was Brunello di Montalcino (decree of the President of the Republic of July 1, 1980).
– The Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT, Typical Geographical Indication) is an intermediate level between table and DOC. These are often wines of a certain quality that do not fully comply with the cartoon book of a DOC (mixture of non-compliant grape varieties, production outside the zone, etc.).
– Vino da tavola, for table wine.
– And Vino dolce naturale (Natural sweet wine).